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Indexing in the context of search engines and SEO refers to the process in which a page manages to appear in search engines since search engines collect, store and organize the information of said website in their databases.

The indexing process begins when search engines use web crawlers (also known as spiders or bots) to traverse and examine the content of web pages available on the Internet. During this process, crawlers follow the internal and external links of each page to discover new pages and update existing information in the index.

It is important to note that indexing does not guarantee ranking in search results. Once a page is indexed, the search engine uses complex algorithms to determine its relevance and ranking in search results based on a variety of factors, such as content quality, domain authority, word relevance key, among others.

In short, indexing is a crucial process for web pages to be considered for inclusion in search results and plays a critical role in SEO by allowing search engines to find, understand and classify online content.